Sunscreen is an essential part of your skincare regimen and should be worn every day, even on cloudy days. It shields against the damaging effects of UV rays which can cause skin damage such as wrinkles and fine lines, rosacea, and sun spots – especially for children growing up in direct sunlight. Additionally, sunscreen serves as an important preventive measure against skin cancer too!
Dr. Zeichner recommends applying sunscreen liberally 15 minutes before going out in the sun, to allow time for it to absorb. Doing this will provide maximum protection and should cover all exposed areas on both body and face.
Select a broad-spectrum sunscreen formula that offers protection from both UVA and UVB rays, which can lead to sunburn, skin cancer, and other serious damage. Look for ingredients such as zinc oxide, titanium dioxide, and avobenzone (the active ingredient in most sunscreens).
Dr. Markowitz, a board-certified dermatologist in New York City, recommends applying sunscreen frequently to maximize its protective benefits on your skin. For best results, reapply it every two hours or as directed on the label for maximum effectiveness.
Avoid products containing oxybenzone, homosalate or octisalate as they can be absorbed into the skin and pose potential health risks in the long term. Oxybenzone has been linked to lower testosterone levels in boys and an increased likelihood of endometriosis for women.
Determine Your Skin Type
If you have dry skin, opt for a hydrating sunscreen with hyaluronic acid or ceramides to hydrate and smooth the surface. On the other hand, oily individuals should look for light gel formulations that won’t feel heavy or greasy on their skin.
Depending on the product, you may need to apply multiple layers for optimal protection against UV rays. This is especially true of sunscreen with higher SPF levels.
Reapply Sunscreen Every 2 Hours
Neglecting to reapply sunscreen during the day increases the likelihood that its SPF will become diluted. This occurs because sweating, water contact and other activities can strip away its ability to remain on your skin.
Though you may think your skin tone makes you less vulnerable to UVA and UVB rays, the truth remains that anyone is susceptible.
It is essential to wear a high-quality, broad-spectrum sunscreen daily as the most efficient way to fight ageing caused by sun damage. Furthermore, wearing sunscreen helps you prevent sunburn and other sun-related skin issues like melasma.
Dr. Markowitz recommends investing in a high-quality sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher for optimal protection, his go-to being Garnier Nutrisse SPF 45.
Avoid spray-on or gel-based sunscreens that can be harsh and irritating for sensitive skin. Instead, opt for a lotion or cream with broad-spectrum protection made with gentle ingredients like zinc oxide and titanium dioxide.